Needs Assessment of Social Infrastructure and Social Services

The Government of the Republic of Kenya (GoK) applied for a credit from the International Development Association (IDA) towards the cost of the North Eastern Transport Improvement Project (NETIP). The GoK  used a portion of the proceeds of the credit to prepare for the upgrading to bitumen standard of sections of the Isiolo – Mandera road, a total distance of 740km.

Project Details

CLIENT: Kenya National Highways Authority (KeNHA).

PROJECT SPONSOR: International Development Association (IDA)

DURATION: January 2020 to August 2020


As part of the planned road improvements, the GoK applied a portion of proceeds from this credit for Consultancy Services for Delivery of Needs Assessment of Social Infrastructure and Social Services. This Assessment is meant to identify the optimal type, location and scope of all social infrastructure and service delivery interventions to be implemented under NETIP, all within the available resources and time envelopes.


The Isiolo-Mandera region through which the NETIP project traverses is mainly inhabited by pastoralists who are categorized as marginalized groups in Kenya. In accordance with the World Bank’s Operational Manual OP 4.10, all projects proposed for World Bank financing and affect the indigenous People (IPs) requires a Social Assessment undertaking that will involve engagement of the IPs in a process of free, prior, and informed consultation. The policy establishes processing requirements including: screening, social assessment, consultation with communities involved, preparation of plan or framework, and disclosure. It also requires the proponent to seek broad community support of Indigenous Peoples through a process of free, prior and informed consultation before deciding to develop any project that targets or affects indigenous communities.

This calls for the need to identify impacts and risks that may result due to project activities as well as assess whether the IPs provide their broad support for the project through free, prior and informed consultation as well as assess the project impacts and risks.

The proposed Program Development Objective (PDO) of the North Eastern Transport Improvement Project (NETIP) is to enhance connectivity between Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia. This shall be achieved through improvement to bitumen standards of the existing road thereby increasing transport efficiency, facilitating trade and development along the Isiolo-Wajir-Mandera part of the Mombasa-Garissa-Wajir-Mandera-Mogadishu road corridor, as well as connecting the area with information and communication technologies. The road connection is seen as an important catalyst for integration of the northern frontier into Kenyan economy and an important link in the international road connection between Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia.


Under the consultancy the Consultant expeditiously executed the necessary tasks required in the mobilization, data collection. The consultant phased the  assignment into identification of needs i.e. gaps between desired and current results with a focus exclusively on results from the start of the assessment, analysis of needs; this shall link the needs with the information required to make decisions about what actions should be taken and a review of causal factors, assessment of return-on investment considerations, and priorities to be set; decision making process that considers competing interests for the development of the infrastructure. Consultation with the communities, relevant county authorities, government entities, service providers and relevant NGOs/CBOs will be key.


The benefits of the project include the following:

  • improve business environment;
  • enhanced transport, access to sea and productive centers that would otherwise hinder the realization of the full benefits of devolution within the North Eastern region.
  • road traverses a region that is a home for refugees and its improvement will enhance access to humanitarian aid for the people of Somalia presently suffering from conflict;
  • unlock existing potential and productivity, promote competitiveness and improving access to public services within the North Eastern Region that has been isolated for long in a bid to enhance the growth of the Gross Domestic Product;
  • contribute to the reduction of transport cost that will help lower the cost of economic development, services delivery to the poor, and doing business, in the sub-region.


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